Are There Different Strains Of CBD Plants?

If you’ve spent any time investigating the world of cannabis products, you’ve surely heard of strains

A strain is a variety of cannabis.
Every strain has different characteristics, which begin with the
strain’s unique genetics. Cannabis cultivators breed different strains,
crossing interesting genetics to create desirable traits.

Strains can vary in size, appearance, color, smell, and even effects.

With every strain comes a different
chemical makeup of the plants. Each strain has a unique profile of the
plant’s active ingredients (cannabinoids and terpenes) which contribute
to that strain’s unique effects.

Although generally cannabis strains
are mostly associated with marijuana, cannabis strains are equally
important when it comes to CBD.

In fact, without these unique strains, CBD would not be on the market today.

Let’s take a look at some different cannabis strains and how they relate to CBD.

The Most Important CBD Strain: Hemp

hemp strain

When it comes to the modern CBD market, the source of all your favorite CBD products is the hemp plant.

Biologically speaking, the hemp plant
is no different from the type of cannabis used to make marijuana
products. The difference is primarily the legality of the plant.

Based on the 2014 and 2018 Farm Bill, hemp is defined under United States law as a cannabis plant containing 0.3% or less THC. 

To comply with this restriction,
cultivators selected certain strains of cannabis that fit these
criteria. In this light, it’s easy to see that hemp is actually just a
strain of cannabis.

Technically, hemp isn’t just a single strain. Any cannabis strain containing 0.3% or less THC can be classified as a hemp plant. 

There are many strains of hemp. They
can vary in their CBD content, terpene content, and the concentration of
other cannabinoids (so long as they stick to 0.3% or less THC, which
keeps them in the hemp classification.)

In states without medical or recreational marijuana laws, all CBD products are sourced from hemp plants. But in states which allow for medical and recreational cannabis, certain CBD products can also be made from marijuana plants.

Using the definition of the Farm Bill
laid out above, a marijuana plant is any cannabis plant containing 0.3%
or more THC. THC is the infamous compound associated with the “high”
sought by recreational marijuana users. THC produces an intoxicating
effect, which is why the definition of hemp severely restricts THC
content.

Understanding CBD Strains: CBD and THC Ratios

understanding CBD strains

When dealing with hemp plants, the THC content is so low that it can be safely ignored. That is why hemp can be used to produce CBD products, even so-called “Full Spectrum” CBD extracts which still contain minute traces of THC.

But when we take a look outside of
the strict definitions of hemp, we find a lot of marijuana strains that
are high in CBD. Even if they have more than the 0.3% THC required to
classify them as hemp, these strains can actually contain boatloads of
CBD and often have more CBD than THC.

This is usually expressed as a ratio.
A marijuana strain high in CBD can provide different relief in
comparison to a strain that has high amounts of THC. 

In fact, CBD can actually work to
counteract the intoxicating effects of THC. As a result, CBD strains are
not very sought after by recreational marijuana users hoping to become
intoxicated. Instead of getting the user high, these high CBD marijuana
strains are often utilized by users looking for therapeutic relief.

Here are some of the more common CBD: THC ratios you might encounter in marijuana strains. 18:1 — This is an extremely high CBD concentration, with virtually no THC. Ideal the CBD user looking to minimize their THC intake while still consuming marijuana. At this ratio, the strain is unlikely to produce any THC intoxication. 8:1 — Another extremely high CBD and low THC concentration. At this ratio, the strain is likely to produce at most an exceptionally mild THC intoxication. For more experienced users, the THC content in an 8:1 strain is unlikely to produce any type of high. 4:1 — While still high in CBD, this concentration is more likely to produce a mild THC intoxication. Best suited for users with some experience using THC.

1:1 — With a 1:1 ratio, the
levels of CBD and THC are balanced. At this ratio, the effects of THC
are likely to be experienced. While CBD can dampen the effects of THC,
this ratio is likely to produce intoxication, especially when consuming
medium or large doses. A 1:1 ratio is best reserved for users with
experience with the effects of THC who are comfortable using it.

Which CBD Strain is Best For Me?

Thankfully, you don’t need to think
too much about the strain of CBD. If you’re just looking to stick to CBD
products, you can skip thinking about CBD at all.

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). These products do not intend to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. PureGreenLiving does not offer medical advice. Any information shared through our site is not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment and not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, or adverse effects. Please consult your doctor or healthcare professional about potential interactions or other possible complications before using any product/s.

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